¡Hola, my dear Spanish beginner! ¿How are your verbos reflexivos?

In the podcast 41, I gave you the instructions about how to use verbos reflexivos in Spanish. In this podcast 43, I explain you how you can créate gramatically this kind of verbos.

Remember again: you need the fantastic pronoun «SE»

  • This kind of verb does not end in -AR, -ER, -IR, but in pronombre SE (MIRARSE, DUCHARSE, DORMIRSE, BEBERSE…)
  • Basic rule to distinguish when is regular or irregular: if you take out pronombre SE from the infinitive and you conjugate it in any verb tense and it is irregular, it will be also irregular in reflexive form.

Rule 1: Pronombre SE is insolated and at the beginning when you conjugate un verbo reflexivo en presente

You can identify it in infinitivo because it will always ends in SE (MIRARSE, DUCHARSE…) but when you construct it in Presente, pronoun «SE» is insolated and it’s at the beginning of the verb: Me miro, te miras, se mira…

Rule 2: You must «conjugate» also pronoun SE

Each personal pronoun has its own verb conjugated (in this case, in presente regular or irregular) and also its own pronoun SE conjugated:

  • Yo ME miro
  • TE miras
  • Él / Ella SE mira
  • Nosotros-as NOS miramos
  • Vosotros, vosotras OS miráis
  • Ellos, ellas SE miran

Rule 3: Between «SE» and verbos reflexivos

  • You cannot change the order of the verb: miro se, miras te, miran ellos se…
  • Between «SE» and the main verb cannot be anything (just other auxiliar verbs): me he duchado.